Spatial Audio Journalism
|Project lead||Dr Abigail Wincott|
|Programme alignment||Creative Industries Futures|
Radio news and documentaries are of great cultural and social importance, and benefit large and growing audiences globally. As the technology becomes cheaper and more widespread, more journalists and producers are experimenting with spatial sound in reports, features and documentaries, as it offers a more vivid and immersive listener experience.
Existing research and development in spatial audio, led mainly by sound engineers, often fails to address editorial, cultural or creative issues, and uptake and experimentation is fragmented.
The Spatial Audio Journalism project is working with journalists to identify opportunities and challenges in the use of spatial audio, and to set an agenda for future research and development.
The project builds on work being done by the BBC, RFI and Radio France, adding insights from the field of journalism studies and radio documentary. The project will inform future research and development, and maximise the potential for innovation and creativity in audio journalism.
Falmouth University has a longstanding reputation for journalism, and is at the cutting edge of VR immersion. This project forms part of the Creative Industries Futures programme at Falmouth, which seeks to identify new opportunities and encourage innovation in the creative industries.
Lead image: Greg Rakozy on Unsplash.
Dr Abigail Wincott
Dr Abigail Wincott is a Senior Lecturer in Journalism and Communication at Falmouth University. Abigail has over 20 years' experience as a journalist and producer in print, broadcast and online, including 15 years at BBC Radio 4 and the World Service. Her research interests includes areas of audio production and how professional cultures adapt to changes in technology and wider society. Find out more about Abigail's research interests, projects and outputs directly on her staff profile, linked below.Staff profile
Outcomes & outputs
Over a period of 12 months, the project examined all available examples of spatial audio used in factual radio and podcasting, from the 1970s to the present day. Producers of recent content were approached and 18 took part in semi-structured interviews about their process, technology, techniques, barriers and potential opportunities for the future.
- Unlike VR and TV, radio/podcasting and immersive sound are easily integrated though there is some disruption to traditional radiophonic 'grammar' requiring a 'spatial sensibility' and some change to ways of working.
- Used well, spatial audio adds value: it is a sprinkling of 'fairy dust', 'cinematic', 'visceral' and 'real'. It creates new uses for mono and stereo, so all three form a richer palette for audio journalists to work with.
- Most makers lack a shared vocabulary to talk about immersive production and its issues. They feel isolated from other immersive audio makers. Journalism's professional culture and structures pose obstacles. More training and opportunities to share best practice are needed, if we are to realise the potential that spatial sound offers.
- Project website: spatialaudiojournalism.home.blog
- Spatial Awareness: State of the art and future needs of spatial audio journalism (2020)
- Telling stories in soundspace: placement, embodiment and authority in immersive audio journalism. Radio Journal: International Studies in Broadcast & Audio Media 19(2), (2021 - forthcoming).
Impact & recognition
The project team is currently designing a series of training workshops with BBC R&D, to help journalists and production companies benefit from the research.